Facts about James Buchanan

Concise Biography, History & Facts about the Great American President
James Buchanan

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Who was James Buchanan?

Concise Biography, History & Facts About President James Buchanan
Fifteenth President - James Buchanan
James Buchanan Lifespan: 1791 - 1868
Place of Birth -  April 23, 1791 in Cove Gap near Mercersburg, Pennsylvania 

James Buchanan Term as President - 
1857-1861
Political Party - Democrat
Vice President / Vice Presidents - John C Breckenridge
Religion - Presbyterian

Education: Dickinson College (graduated 1809)

James Buchanan, Military Experience - 
served in the War of 1812.
Name of Wife - James Buchanan was
never married (His fiancée, Anne Caroline Coleman, broke off the engagement and died a week later ). Buchanan was the only bachelor to be president. His niece Harriet Lane fulfilled the role of hostess at the White House.
Career of James Buchanan - Politician, Statesman
Member of Pennsylvania House of Representatives, 1815-16
Member of U.S. House of Representatives, 1821-31
Minister to Russia, 1832-34
United States Senator, 1834-45
Secretary of State, 1845-49 (under Polk)
Minister to England, 1853-56
Place of Death - James Buchanan died on
June 1, 1868 in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. He was buried at Woodward Hill Cemetery, Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Next President: President Abraham Lincoln

Major Events during his presidency

  • In 1859, John Brown seized the Southern town of Harpers Ferry in Virginia in a futile attempt to spark an uprising of slaves

  • The Pony Express  was established in 1860
  • The Southern States begin secession in 1860
  • The Confederate States of America created in 1861
    States Entering Union While Buchanan was in Office are as follows:
  • Minnesota (1858)

  • Oregon (1859)
  • Kansas (1860)

Presidential Facts and Trivia in response to the question who was President James Buchanan

  • Description of President James Buchanan - Height 6 feet 0 inches

  • James Buchanan was the son of Irish immigrants
  • James Buchanan began his career as a lawyer before joining the military to fight in the War of 1812
  • James Buchanan supported Abraham Lincoln throughout the Civil War
  • James Buchanan Nickname: “Old Buck”
  • He tried for the presidency in 1844, 1848, and 1852 before finally achieving his goal
  • James Buchanan Age at Inauguration - 65
  • Age at Death - 77

President James Buchanan and the Constitution of the US (17th September,1787)

Information and Facts about any President of America is incomplete without explaining his role and his power in the government of the country. We have therefore included this section regarding the US Constitution. Under the U.S. Constitution the president is the head of state, the commander in chief of the armed forces and is also the chief executive of the federal government.

Facts about Eligibility
Article 2, Section 1, this section of the U.S. Constitution sets the requirements to hold office.

  • A natural born citizen of the US

  • A resident of the US for 14 years
  • Thirty-five years of age

Facts about Term of Office
Following election he, and the Vice President, shall hold his office during the term of four years. ( The twenty-second amendment, which started with the inauguration of Dwight Eisenhower, limits the this to two terms)

President's Executive Oath of Office
"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States." 
United States Constitution, Article II, Section 1, Clause 8


Facts about Main Presidential Duties and power

  • Commander-in-chief of the armed forces of the United States

  • In times of war or national emergency to manage the national economy and protect the security of the United States
  • Nomination of the heads of all executive departments and agencies (Subject to Senate confirmation)
  • Preparing the budget of the United States, although the Congress must approve it.
  • Presidential legislative powers - The status of the country and his legislative proposals for the upcoming year are given in the annual State of the Union Address.

Facts about Presidential judicial power

  • Appointing important public officials such as ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls and judges of the Supreme Court.

  • Granting reprieves and pardons to anyone convicted of breaking a federal law — except in a case of impeachment.

Facts about Presidential power in foreign affairs

  • Federal official primarily responsible for the relations of the United States with foreign nations.

  • To make treaties and appoint ambassadors, ministers, and consuls (provided two thirds of the Senators present concur). 
  • To receive foreign ambassadors and other public officials. 

Facts about James Buchanan

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  • History, facts and bio information about this famous American President
  • Fast, Fun Facts about James Buchanan
  • Key dates, facts and major events in the life of James Buchanan
  • Life history and facts about President James Buchanan
  • Learn about President James Buchanan and the Constitution of the US
  • Facts about James Buchanan

 

Facts about the Great American President James Buchanan

James Buchanan - Statesman - Biography - President - Presidential Trivia - History - Quote - Facts - Power
Bio - Politician - American Revolution - The Constitution - Trivia - US - James Buchanan

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Facts about President James Buchanan - America's 15th President