Facts about James Garfield

Concise Biography, History & Facts about the Twentieth Great American President James Garfield


Who was James Garfield?

Concise Biography, History & Facts About President James Garfield
Twentieth President - James Abram Garfield
James Garfield Lifespan: 1831 - 1881
Place of Birth - November 19, 1831, in Orange, Ohio
Education - Western Reserve Eclectic Institute (now Hiram College), Williams College (graduated 1856) 

James Garfield Term as President - 
100 days in 1881
Political Party - Republican
Vice President / Vice Presidents - Chester A. Arthur
Religion - Disciples of Christ
James Garfield, Military Experience - 
served as an officer in the Civil War
Name of Wife - James Garfield was married on November 11, 1858 to
Lucretia Rudolph Garfield. They had  7 Children - Eliza (18601863), Harry (18631942), James (18651950), Mary (18671947), Irvin (18701951), Abram (18721958), Edward (18741876)
Career of James Garfield - Teacher, Lawyer, Politician, Statesman
Member of Ohio State Senate, 1859-61
Member of U.S. House of Representatives, 1863-80
Elected to United States Senate, 1880
Place of Death - James Garfield died on
September 19, 1881, in Elbberon, New Jersey after being shot 11 weeks earlier on July 2 in Washington D.C.
His death was due to blood poisoning and infection caused by doctors who probed Garfield's wound with dirty, unsterilized fingers and instruments whilst attempting to find the location of the bullet
James Garfield was buried in Lake View Cemetery, Cleveland, Ohio
Next President: President Chester Alan Arthur

Major Events during his presidency

  • Garfield is best remembered for his assassination 100 days after he assumed office

  • Garfield was assassinated by the insane Charles Julius Guiteau
  • Scandal - He was implicated in the Credit Mobilier scandal in which congressmen were accused of turning a blind eye to corruption in the company
  • James Garfield advocated hard money policies backed by gold

Presidential Facts and Trivia in response to the question who was President James Garfield

  • Description of President James Garfield - Height 6 feet 0 inches

  • James Garfield was raised on a poor farm
  • James Garfield was a Civil War hero
  • Garfield was the poorest man ever to have become President
  • James Garfield Age at Inauguration - 49 years old
  • James Garfield Age at Death - 49 years old
  • Garfield was the first left-handed president
  • Garfield died of blood poisoning after being shot by assassin Charles Guiteau on July 2, 1881
  • Presidential Facts and Trivia in response to the question who was James Garfield

President James Garfield and the Constitution of the US (17th September,1787)

Information and Facts about any President of America is incomplete without explaining his role and his power in the government of the country. We have therefore included this section regarding the US Constitution. Under the U.S. Constitution the president is the head of state, the commander in chief of the armed forces and is also the chief executive of the federal government.

Facts about Eligibility
Article 2, Section 1, this section of the U.S. Constitution sets the requirements to hold office.

  • A natural born citizen of the US

  • A resident of the US for 14 years
  • Thirty-five years of age

Facts about Term of Office
Following election he, and the Vice President, shall hold his office during the term of four years. ( The twenty-second amendment, which started with the inauguration of Dwight Eisenhower, limits the this to two terms)

President's Executive Oath of Office
"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States." 
United States Constitution, Article II, Section 1, Clause 8


Facts about Main Presidential Duties and power

  • Commander-in-chief of the armed forces of the United States

  • In times of war or national emergency to manage the national economy and protect the security of the United States
  • Nomination of the heads of all executive departments and agencies (Subject to Senate confirmation)
  • Preparing the budget of the United States, although the Congress must approve it.
  • Presidential legislative powers - The status of the country and his legislative proposals for the upcoming year are given in the annual State of the Union Address.

Facts about Presidential judicial power

  • Appointing important public officials such as ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls and judges of the Supreme Court.

  • Granting reprieves and pardons to anyone convicted of breaking a federal law except in a case of impeachment.

Facts about Presidential power in foreign affairs

  • Federal official primarily responsible for the relations of the United States with foreign nations.

  • To make treaties and appoint ambassadors, ministers, and consuls (provided two thirds of the Senators present concur). 
  • To receive foreign ambassadors and other public officials.

Facts about James Garfield

  • Interesting Facts about James Garfield

  • History, facts and bio information about this famous American President
  • Fast, Fun Facts about James Garfield
  • Key dates, facts and major events in the life of James Garfield
  • Life history and facts about President James Garfield
  • Learn about President James Garfield and the Constitution of the US
  • Facts about James Garfield

Facts about the Great American President James Garfield

James Garfield - Statesman - Biography - President - Presidential Trivia - History - Quote - Facts - Power
Bio - Politician - American Revolution - The Constitution - Trivia - US - James Garfield

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Facts about President James Garfield - America's 20th President