Concise Biography, History & Facts About Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Nationality - English
Lifespan - 1772 - 1834
Family - Father was John Coleridge, a vicar and Schoolmaster
Education - Cambridge
Career - Poet, critic and philosopher
Famous work - Rime of the Ancient Mariner
Famous Poems by Samuel Taylor Coleridge
'The Rime of the Ancient Mariner' poem
Biography details of Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Born in 1772 the son of a Devonshire clergyman, Coleridge attended
Christ's Hospital school before going to Cambridge in 1791. He
attended Cambridge for four years before leaving without receiving
a degree. In 1797 he become friends with William Wordsworth. In
1798 The Rime of the Ancient Mariner, one of the most famous of
all poems, was first published in a joint book of poems with
William Wordsworth and his sister Dorothy, their intention was to
illustrate Wordsworth's ideas of how poems should be written in
the simple language of the people. The words 'Water, water,
everywhere' from the Ancient Mariner are now known by most people.
This famous book 'Lyrical Ballads' was published by Cottles a
Bristol bookseller who patronised Coleridge and Southey when no
one else would pay them for their early work.
Cottle sold all his copyrights to
Longmans and the copyrights to 'Lyrical Ballads' was
given back to Wordsworth as valueless...
After a brief interlude Coleridge and his friend William
Wordsworth travelled to Germany where he studied
philosophy at Gottingen University and learnt the German
language. After their return to England in 1799 he
became addicted to opium which he had started to take as
a medication. In 1816 in an attempt to end his opium
addiction Coleridge took lodgings with a Doctor. In 1817
he republished his early poems and "Biographia Literaria"
which is still revered as a useful source of information
on the English romantic movement.