History of California

History of California
The Golden State

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Facts about the History of California

The History of the State of California with some brief, but essential historical events, dates in a timeline and the people who made the State of California great. You will find all of the relevant facts, data and info in a comprehensive Timeline format providing facts about the History of California and how this fits in with the History of America. Historical facts, a timeline and information about the Tribes of Native Americans of the State of California. Discover these interesting facts about the History of California including its explorers, pioneers, settlers and leaders. The Timeline format provides a chronology of important people and events important to the History of  California. For General Information about the State please click the following link: Fast Facts about the State of California

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Facts about the History of California History

  • Facts about the History of California History - 1700's Native Americans of California

    • California was first explored by the Spanish

    • 1535 - Hernando Cortes leads an expedition to La Paz and opens a small colony

    • 1539 - Francisco de Ulloa explores the gulf of California

    • 1542 - The Portuguese explorer, Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo, explores California

    • 1545 - The Europeans bring typhus to California and the epidemic kills hundreds of thousands of natives

    • 1579 - The great British sailor, Sir Francis Drake, lands north of San Francisco Bay and claims the territory for England but the land is taken by the Spanish

    • 1756 - 1763 - The Seven Years War (French and Indian War) due to disputes over land is won by Great Britain. France gives England all French territory east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans. The Spanish give up east and west Florida to the English in return for Cuba.

    • 1769 - Father Junipero Serra founds San Diego De Alcala, the first of 21 missions established by Franciscan priests in California

    • 1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution creates the United States of America. The Revolution was due to the British burden of taxes and total power to legislate any laws governing the American colonies

    • July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence

    • July 10, 1778 - France declares war against Britain and makes an alliance with the American revolutionary forces

    • September 3, 1783 - The Treaty of Paris is signed by the victorious United States and the defeated Great Britain

  • Facts about the History of California History - The Early 1800's

    • 1812 - Russian fur traders establish Fort Ross

    • 1812 - 1815 - The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but
      confirmed America's Independence

    • 1820 -Mexico wins its independence from Spain and becomes California's new ruler.US Trappers, including Jedediah Strong Smith, start trading in the state

    • 1846 - The United States invades Mexico from the east starting the Mexican-American War won by the US on July 9, 1846

    • 1848 - James Marshall discovered gold at Sutter's sawmill in Coloma which starts the Gold Rush

    • 1860 The Pony Express starts carrying mail from Missouri to California

  • Facts about the History of California History - The American Civil War

    • 1861 - 1865 The American Civil War. In 1859 John Brown raided Harpers Ferry and set in
      motion events that led directly to the outbreak of the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln, a
      known opponent of slavery, was elected president and in 1861 the South Secedes. The
      initial Secession of South Carolina was followed by the secession of Mississippi, Florida,
      Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina.
      These eleven states eventually formed the Confederate States of America. The
      bombardment of Fort Sumter was the opening engagement of the American Civil War.
      The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy

    • 1865 December 6 - The Abolishment of Slavery. The Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S Constitution is ratified, thus officially abolishing slavery

    • 1898-1901 The Spanish American War. On December 10, 1898 the Treaty of Paris the US annexes Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines.

  • Origin of the name - The name is believed to have been derived from a book called 'Las Sergas de Esplandian' by Garcia Ordonez de Montalvo which was written in 1510. The book centres around a mythical Spanish island ruled by a queen called 'Califia' - hence the name California

map-california

The History of California provides facts and a timeline crammed with historical facts and dates about State leaders and explorers who impacted the History of the State of California. The early history and timeline of California providing significant facts in the History of California.

Facts about the History of California

Facts about the History of the State of California:

  • Timeline and History of California
  • Key Dates in History of California
  • Major Historic Events in the History of California
  • Famous people in the History of California
  • Fast facts on the History of California
  • Timeline and History of California
  • The history of California and America

Facts about the History of California
Fast facts about the History of California! Fast historical facts about the history of California! Find out the important historical information about the History of California - its leaders, Native Indians, pioneers, explorers and settlers! Facts and a timeline about the History of California. The History of California is full of interesting information about this great American State! Facts and History of California with a California History Timeline of Events in the History of America and California. Great for homework, or projects, an ideal Educational Resource and tourist information for " The Golden State !"

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Facts about the History of California


History of California - Facts about History of California - Timeline - Facts History of California - History - History of California - Historical - Time Line - State - Info - History of California - Native Indian Tribes - Explorers - History of California - 1500's - 1600's - History of California - 1700's - 1800's - 1900's - Facts about History of California - Settlers - Pioneers - Leaders - History of California - Facts about History of California - Written By Linda Alchin