Facts about the Definition of the Element Carbon The Element Carbon is defined as... A naturally abundant non-metallic element that occurs in many inorganic and in all organic compounds, exists freely as graphite and diamond and as a constituent of coal, limestone, and petroleum, and is capable of chemical self-bonding to form an enormous number of chemically, biologically, and commercially important molecules. One of the hardest (diamond) substances known to man. The most common uses of Carbon are in Fossil fuels - methane gas, Diamonds, Crude oil (petroleum), Radiocarbon dating, Smoke detectors, Graphite carbon used as charcoal for cooking & artwork, Gasoline, Kerosene, Carbon monoxide - dioxide and Carbon Fiber. A Carbon Reaction involves a process in which Carbon is mixed with another substance which react to form something else.
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Interesting Facts about the Origin and Meaning of the element name Carbon What are the origins of the word Carbon ? The name originates from the Latin word carbo meaning "charcoal"
Facts about the Classification of the Element Carbon Carbon is classified as an element in the 'Non-metals' section which can be located in groups 14,15 and 16 of the Periodic Table. Non-metals are not easily able to conduct electricity or heat and do not reflect light . Non-metallic elements are very brittle, and cannot be rolled into wires or pounded into sheets. Non-metallic elements exist, at room temperature, in two of the three states of matter : gases (such as oxygen) and solids (such as carbon).
Brief Facts about the Discovery and History of the Element Carbon Carbon was discovered and used in Ancient times.
Occurrence of the element Carbon in the Atmosphere Carbon compounds form the basis of all life on Earth Exists freely as graphite and diamond Obtained from burning with insufficient oxygen A constituent of coal, limestone, and petroleum
Common Uses of Carbon Fossil fuels - methane gas Diamonds Crude oil (petroleum) Radiocarbon dating Smoke detectors Graphite carbon used as charcoal for cooking & artwork Gasoline Kerosene Carbon monoxide - dioxide Carbon Fiber
The Properties of the Element Carbon
Name of Element : Carbon Symbol of Element : C Atomic Number of Carbon : 6 Atomic Mass: 12.0107 amu Melting Point: 3500.0 °C - 3773.15 °K Boiling Point: 4827.0 °C - 5100.15 °K Number of Protons/Electrons in Carbon : 6 Number of Neutrons in Carbon : 6 Crystal Structure: Hexagonal Density @ 293 K: 2.62 g/cm3 Color of Carbon : blackish
The element Carbon and the Periodic Table Find out more facts about Carbon on the Periodic Table which arranges every chemical element according to its atomic number, as based on the periodic law, so that chemical elements with similar properties are in the same column. Our Periodic Table is simple to use - just click on the symbol for Carbon for additional facts and info and for an instant comparison of the Atomic Weight, Melting Point, Boiling Point and Mass - G/cc of Carbon with any other element. An invaluable source for more interesting facts and information about the Carbon element and as a Chemistry reference guide.
Facts and Info about the element Carbon - IUPAC and the Modern Standardised Periodic Table The Standardised Periodic Table in use today was agreed by the International Union of Pure Applied Chemistry, IUPAC, in 1985 which includes the Carbon element. The famous Russian Scientist, Dimitri Mendeleev, perceived the correct classification method of "the periodic table" for the 65 elements which were known in his time. The Standardised Periodic Table now recognises more periods and elements than Dimitri Mendeleev knew in his day but still all fitting into his concept of the "Periodic Table" in which Carbon is just one element that can be found.