Facts about Chlorine
Facts about Chlorine - Element included on the Periodic Table
Facts about the Definition of the Element Chlorine
The Element Chlorine is defined as...
A highly irritating, greenish-yellow gaseous halogen, capable of combining with nearly all other elements, produced principally by electrolysis of sodium chloride and used widely to purify water, as a disinfectant and bleaching agent, and in the manufacture of many important compounds including chloroform and carbon tetrachloride. The most common uses of Chlorine are in Bleaches, Mustard gas, Water purification, Production of chlorates, Paper production, Antiseptic, Insecticides, Paint, Plastics and Medicines.
Interesting Facts about the Origin and Meaning of the element name Chlorine
What are the origins of the word Chlorine ?
The name originates from the Greek word 'khloros' meaning green referring to the color of the gas.
Facts about the Classification of the Element Chlorine
Chlorine is classified as an element in the 'Halogens' section which can be located in group 7 of the Periodic Table. The term "halogen" means "salt-former" and compounds containing halogens are called "salts". The halogens exist, at room temperature, in all three states of matter - Gases such as Fluorine & Chlorine, Solids such as Iodine and Astatine and Liquid as in Bromine.
Brief Facts about the Discovery and History of the Element Chlorine
Chlorine was discovered by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in 1774. Chlorine was given its name in 1810 by Humphrey Davy.
Occurrence of the element Chlorine in the Atmosphere
Obtained from Earth's oceans salt. Found only as the chloride ion. 1.9% of the mass of seawater is in chloride ions
Common Uses of Chlorine
Production of chlorates
The Properties of the Element Chlorine
Name of Element : Chlorine
Symbol of Element : Cl
Atomic Number of Chlorine : 17
Atomic Mass: 35.4527 amu
Melting Point: -100.98 °C - 172.17 °K
Boiling Point: -34.6 °C - 238.55 °K
Number of Protons/Electrons in Chlorine : 17
Number of Neutrons in Chlorine : 18
Crystal Structure: Orthorhombic
Density @ 293 K: 3.214 g/cm3
Color of Chlorine : greenish-yellow
The element Chlorine and the Periodic Table
Find out more facts about Chlorine on the Periodic Table which arranges every chemical element according to its atomic number, as based on the periodic law, so that chemical elements with similar properties are in the same column. Our Periodic Table is simple to use - just click on the symbol for Chlorine for additional facts and info and for an instant comparison of the Atomic Weight, Melting Point, Boiling Point and Mass - G/cc of Chlorine with any other element. An invaluable source for more interesting facts and information about the Chlorine element and as a Chemistry reference guide.
Facts and Info about the element Chlorine - IUPAC and the Modern Standardised Periodic Table
The Standardised Periodic Table in use today was agreed by the International Union of Pure Applied Chemistry, IUPAC, in 1985 which includes the Chlorine element. The famous Russian Scientist, Dimitri Mendeleev, perceived the correct classification method of "the periodic table" for the 65 elements which were known in his time. Chlorine was discovered by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in 1774. Chlorine was given its name in 1810 by Humphrey Davy. The Standardised Periodic Table now recognises more periods and elements than Dimitri Mendeleev knew in his day but still all fitting into his concept of the "Periodic Table" in which Chlorine is just one element that can be found.
Facts and Info about the Element Chlorine
Information Facts about the Chlorine Element