Facts about the
Definition of the Element Iron
The Element Iron is defined as...
A heavy malleable ductile magnetic silver-white metallic element
that readily rusts in moist air, occurs native in meteorites and
combined in most igneous rocks, is the most used of metals, and is
vital to biological processes as in transport of oxygen in the
Iron Reaction involves a process in which Iron is mixed with
another substance which react to form something else.
about the Origin and Meaning of the element name Iron
What are the origins of the word Iron ?
The name originates from from the Latin word ferrum meaning iron.
Its symbol 'Fe' is an abbreviation of ferrum.
Facts about the
Classification of the Element Iron
Iron is classified as a "Transition Metal" which are located in
Groups 3 - 12 of the Periodic Table. An Element classified as a
Transition Metals is ductile, malleable, and able to conduct
electricity and heat.
Brief Facts about the
Discovery and History of the Element Iron
Iron was believed to have been first discovered by the Egyptians
in 4000 BC. The widespread use of this element lead to the period
in World History called the Iron Age.
Occurrence of the
element Iron in
Obtained from iron ores
Tenth most abundant element in the universe
Pig iron has 4% – 5% carbon
Cast iron contains 2% – 3.5% carbon and small amounts of manganese
Carbon steel contains between 0.5% and 1.5% carbon, with small
amounts of manganese, phosphorus, sulfur and silicon.
Common Uses of Iron
Production of steel - the best known alloy of iron
The Properties of the Element Iron
Name of Element : Iron
Symbol of Element : Fe
Atomic Number of Iron : 26
Atomic Mass: 55.845 amu
Melting Point: 1535.0 °C - 1808.15 °K
Boiling Point: 2750.0 °C - 3023.15 °K
Number of Protons/Electrons in Iron : 26
Number of Neutrons in Iron : 30
Crystal Structure: Cubic
Density @ 293 K: 7.86 g/cm3
Color of Iron : silver-white that readily rusts
The element Iron and the Periodic Table
Find out more facts about Iron on the Periodic Table which
arranges every chemical element according to its atomic number, as
based on the periodic law, so that chemical elements with similar
properties are in the same column. Our Periodic Table is simple to
use - just click on the symbol for Iron for additional facts and
info and for an instant comparison of the Atomic Weight, Melting
Point, Boiling Point and Mass - G/cc of Iron with any other
element. An invaluable source for more interesting facts and
information about the Iron element and as a Chemistry reference
Facts and Info about
the element Iron - IUPAC and the Modern Standardised Periodic Table
The Standardised Periodic Table in use today was agreed by the
International Union of Pure Applied Chemistry, IUPAC, in 1985
which includes the Iron element. The famous Russian Scientist,
Dimitri Mendeleev, perceived the correct classification method of
"the periodic table" for the 65 elements which were known in his
time. The Standardised Periodic Table now recognises more periods
and elements than Dimitri Mendeleev knew in his day but still all
fitting into his concept of the "Periodic Table" in which
just one element that can be found.