Facts about Magnesium

Facts about Magnesium - Element included on the Periodic Table

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Facts about the Definition of the Element Magnesium
The Element Magnesium is defined as...
A light, silvery-white, moderately hard metallic element that in ribbon or powder form burns with a brilliant white flame. It is used in structural alloys, pyrotechnics, flash photography, and incendiary bombs. A Magnesium Reaction involves a process in which Magnesium is mixed with another substance which react to form something else.
 

Interesting Facts about the Origin and Meaning of the element name Magnesium
What are the origins of the word Magnesium ?
The name originates from a Greek district in Thessaly called Magnesia.


 

Facts about the Classification of the Element Magnesium
Magnesium is classified as an "Alkaline Earth Metals" which are located in Group 2 elements of the Periodic Table. An Element classified as an Alkaline Earth Metals are found in the Earths crust, but not in the elemental form as they are so reactive. Instead, they are widely distributed in rock structures.
 


Brief Facts about the Discovery and History of the Element Magnesium

Magnesium was discovered by Joseph Black, in England, in 1755. The element was isolated by A. A. B. Bussy and Sir Humphrey Davy in 1808.
 

Occurrence of the element Magnesium in the Atmosphere
Does not occur uncombined with other elements
Obtained from sea water
Eighth most abundant element in the earth's crust
Found in large deposits of magnesite, dolomite, and other minerals
 

Common Uses of Magnesium
Dead-burned magnesite is used as brick and liners in furnaces and converters
Photography - old type flash powder and flash bulbs
Flares
Pyrotechnics
Incendiary bombs
Airplanes
Missiles
Magnesium chloride, citrate, sulfate, oxide , hydroxide, stearate, taurate , sulphate and glycinate
 

The Properties of the Element Magnesium

Name of Element : Magnesium
Symbol of Element : Mg
Atomic Number of Magnesium : 12
Atomic Mass: 24.305 amu
Melting Point: 650.0 C - 923.15 K
Boiling Point: 1107.0 C - 1380.15 K
Number of Protons/Electrons in Magnesium : 12
Number of Neutrons in Magnesium : 12
Crystal Structure: Hexagonal
Density @ 293 K: 1.738 g/cm3
Color of Magnesium : silvery-white


The element Magnesium and the Periodic Table
Find out more facts about Magnesium on the Periodic Table which arranges every chemical element according to its atomic number, as based on the periodic law, so that chemical elements with similar properties are in the same column. Our Periodic Table is simple to use - just click on the symbol for Magnesium for additional facts and info and for an instant comparison of the Atomic Weight, Melting Point, Boiling Point and Mass - G/cc of Magnesium with any other element. An invaluable source for more interesting facts and information about the Magnesium element and as a Chemistry reference guide.
 

Facts and Info about the element Magnesium - IUPAC and the Modern Standardised Periodic Table
The Standardised Periodic Table in use today was agreed by the International Union of Pure Applied Chemistry, IUPAC, in 1985 which includes the Magnesium element. The famous Russian Scientist, Dimitri Mendeleev, perceived the correct classification method of "the periodic table" for the 65 elements which were known in his time. Magnesium was discovered by Joseph Black, in England, in 1755. The element was isolated by A. A. B. Bussy and Sir Humphrey Davy in 1808. The Standardised Periodic Table now recognises more periods and elements than Dimitri Mendeleev knew in his day but still all fitting into his concept of the "Periodic Table" in which Magnesium is just one element that can be found.
 

Facts and Info about the Element Magnesium
 

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Information Facts about the Magnesium Element