Facts about the Definition of the Element Phosphorus The Element Phosphorus is defined as... A highly reactive, poisonous, non-metallic element occurring naturally in phosphates, especially apatite, and existing in three allotropic forms, white (or sometimes yellow), red, violet and black. An essential constituent of protoplasm, it is used in safety matches, pyrotechnics, incendiary shells, and fertilizers and to protect metal surfaces from corrosion.
Interesting Facts about the Origin and Meaning of the element name Phosphorus What are the origins of the word Phosphorus ? The name originates from the Greek words phos meaning light and phoros meaning bearer.
Facts about the Classification of the Element Phosphorus Phosphorus is classified as an element in the 'Non-metals' section which can be located in groups 14,15 and 16 of the Periodic Table. Non-metals are not easily able to conduct electricity or heat and do not reflect light . Non-metallic elements are very brittle, and cannot be rolled into wires or pounded into sheets. Non-metallic elements exist, at room temperature, in two of the three states of matter : gases (such as oxygen) and solids (such as carbon).
Brief Facts about the Discovery and History of the Element Phosphorus Phosphorus was discovered by Hennig Brand in 1669
Occurrence of the element Phosphorus in the Atmosphere Occurs naturally in phosphates, especially apatite, and existing in three allotropic forms Found in USA, Russia, Africa
Common Uses of Phosphorus Safety matches Pyrotechnics Incendiary shells Fertilizers Steel production Incendiary bombs Pyrotechnics Pesticides
The Properties of the Element Phosphorus
Name of Element : Phosphorus Symbol of Element : P Atomic Number of Phosphorus : 15 Atomic Mass: 30.97376 amu Melting Point: 44.1 °C - 317.25 °K Boiling Point: 280.0 °C - 553.15 °K Number of Protons/Electrons in Phosphorus : 15 Number of Neutrons in Phosphorus : 16 Crystal Structure: Monoclinic Density @ 293 K: 1.82 g/cm3 Color of Phosphorus : white, yellow, red, violet and black
The element Phosphorus and the Periodic Table Find out more facts about Phosphorus on the Periodic Table which arranges every chemical element according to its atomic number, as based on the periodic law, so that chemical elements with similar properties are in the same column. Our Periodic Table is simple to use - just click on the symbol for Phosphorus for additional facts and info and for an instant comparison of the Atomic Weight, Melting Point, Boiling Point and Mass - G/cc of Phosphorus with any other element. An invaluable source for more interesting facts and information about the Phosphorus element and as a Chemistry reference guide.
Facts and Info about the element Phosphorus - IUPAC and the Modern Standardised Periodic Table The Standardised Periodic Table in use today was agreed by the International Union of Pure Applied Chemistry, IUPAC, in 1985 which includes the Phosphorus element. The famous Russian Scientist, Dimitri Mendeleev, perceived the correct classification method of "the periodic table" for the 65 elements which were known in his time. Phosphorus was discovered by Hennig Brand in 1669. The Standardised Periodic Table now recognises more periods and elements than Dimitri Mendeleev knew in his day but still all fitting into his concept of the "Periodic Table" in which Phosphorus is just one element that can be found.