Facts about Sodium

Facts about Sodium - Element included on the Periodic Table

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Facts about the Definition of the Element Sodium
The Element Sodium is defined as...
A soft, light, extremely malleable silver-white metallic element that reacts explosively with water, is naturally abundant in combined forms, especially in common salt, and is used in the production of a wide variety of industrially important compounds. A Sodium Reaction involves a process in which Sodium is mixed with another substance which react to form something else.
 

Interesting Facts about the Origin and Meaning of the element name Sodium
What are the origins of the word Sodium ?
Sodium, referred to as soda by the English, was isolated in 1807 by Sir Humphrey Davy through the electrolysis of caustic soda. The symbol of the element is Na which comes for the Latin name for a common sodium compound called natrium (from the Greek 'nítron' a natural salt).


 

Facts about the Classification of the Element Sodium
Sodium is classified as an "Alkali Metal" and located in Group 1 elements of the Periodic Table. An Element classified as an Alkali Metal is a very reactive metal that does not occur freely in nature. Alkali metals are soft, malleable, ductile, and are good conductors of heat and electricity.
 

Brief Facts about the Discovery and History of the Element Sodium
Sodium was isolated in 1807 by Sir Humphrey Davy through the electrolysis of caustic soda.
 

Occurrence of the element Sodium in the Atmosphere
Sodium makes up about 2.6% of the Earth's crust
Fourth most abundant element
Relatively abundant in stars
 

Common Uses of Sodium
Medicine
Agriculture
Manufacture of organic compounds
To purify molten metals
Sodium carbonate / hydroxide soap cleaners
Sodium bicarbonate / chloride / hypochlorite / nitrate / silicate
 

The Properties of the Element Sodium

Name of Element : Sodium
Symbol of Element : Na
Atomic Number of Sodium : 11
Atomic Mass: 22.98977 amu
Melting Point: 97.8 °C - 370.95 °K
Boiling Point: 552.9 °C - 826.05005 °K
Number of Protons/Electrons in Sodium : 11
Number of Neutrons in Sodium : 12
Crystal Structure: Cubic
Density @ 293 K: 0.971 g/cm3
Color of Sodium : Silver-white


The element Sodium and the Periodic Table
Find out more facts about Sodium on the Periodic Table which arranges every chemical element according to its atomic number, as based on the periodic law, so that chemical elements with similar properties are in the same column. Our Periodic Table is simple to use - just click on the symbol for Sodium for additional facts and info and for an instant comparison of the Atomic Weight, Melting Point, Boiling Point and Mass - G/cc of Sodium with any other element. An invaluable source for more interesting facts and information about the Sodium element and as a Chemistry reference guide.
 

Facts and Info about the element Argon - IUPAC and the Modern Standardised Periodic Table
The Standardised Periodic Table in use today was agreed by the International Union of Pure Applied Chemistry, IUPAC, in 1985 which includes the Sodium element. The famous Russian Scientist, Dimitri Mendeleev, perceived the correct classification method of "the periodic table" for the 65 elements which were known in his time. Sodium was isolated in 1807 by Sir Humphrey Davy through the electrolysis of caustic soda. The Standardised Periodic Table now recognises more periods and elements than Dimitri Mendeleev knew in his day but still all fitting into his concept of the "Periodic Table" in which Sodium is just one element that can be found.
 

Facts and Info about the Element Sodium
 

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Information Facts about the Sodium Element