Did you Know? List of Interesting Facts about Native Americans Illinois
Facts are statements which are held to be true and often contrasted with opinions and beliefs. Our unusual and interesting facts about Native Americans of Illinois, trivia and information, including some useful statistics will fascinate everyone from kids and children to adults. Facts about Native Americans and interesting Facts about Native Americans Illinois are as follows:
- Fact 1 - Illinois is a a midwestern state in north-central United States. The indigenous people of this state included various tribes of Native Americans. They inhabited lands of Woodland, lakes, rivers and streams and were hunters, fishers and farmers. Their crops included rice, squash, melons, pumpkins.
- Fact 2 - The Native Americans of Illinois included many of the Northeast Indians tribes were the Illinois tribe (Illini), Iroquois, Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatomi, Kickapoo, Kaskaskia, Miami, Shawnee, Sauk and Fox tribes.
- Fact 3 - Names of Border States: Indiana Iowa Michigan Kentucky Missouri Wisconsin
- Fact 4 - Origin of the name of the state: Algonquin Indian for "warriors"
- Fact 5 - Features of the area: Prairies and fertile plains throughout; open hills in the southern region
- Fact 6 - The Illinois tribe (Illini or Illiniwek) were hunters and fishers. The name "Iliniwek" is an old Ojibwe word borrowed into French as 'Illinois'. In the 17th century, the Illiniwek declined due to a combination of European diseases and a war with the local tribes. In 1769 the allied Iroquois, Kickapoo, Ojibwa, Ottawa, Potawatomi, and Sac and Fox tribes massacred the Illinois.
- Fact 7 - The Iroquois are also known as the Haudenosaunee or the "People of the Longhouse". Tribes of Iroquoian-speaking people formed the Iroquois League referred to as the Five Nations or Iroquois Confederacy was composed of the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga and Seneca nations.
- Fact 8 - The Chippewa people were members of an Algonquian people who lived west of Lake Superior. The people's name, is given as Ojibwe in Canada but as Chippewa in the United States. The Chippewa waged extremely violent war on their enemies - they were so feared that the French considered the complete annihilation of this tribe.
|Dakota Chippewa Chief|
- Fact 9 - The Ottawa adopted a Woodlands culture living in wigwams or longhouses. They allied themselves with the French and the Huron which automatically made them the enemies of the Iroquois.
- Fact 10 - The Potawatomi closely related to the Ojibwa and Ottawa tribes and adopted a Woodlands culture living in wigwams or longhouses. closely related to the Ojibwa and Ottawa tribes and adopted a Woodlands culture living in wigwams or longhouses. The Potawatomi supported Pontiac's Rebellion, fought against the United States were friendly to the French and aided them against the English
- Fact 11 - The Kickapoo adopted a Woodlands culture living in wigwams or longhouses but also hunted buffalo which they adopted from the neighboring tribes in the Plains area. Their name is derived from the Algonquin word 'kiwegapawa' meaning “he stands about” or “he moves about.”
- Fact 12 - The Kaskaskia were one of about a dozen tribes that made up the Illiniwek Confederation or Illinois Confederation.
- Fact 13 - The Miami tribe was originally found in what is now Indiana, southwest Michigan, and western Ohio. The name Miami derives from the Algonquian term meaning "downstream people."
- Fact 14 - The Shawnee were Algonquian-speaking tribes who were spread over a widespread geographic area although their earliest known home was in the state of Ohio. Traditionally the Shawnee lived in bark-covered houses grouped into large villages near cornfields. Many Shawnee fought as allies of their French trading partners during the early years of the French and Indian War (aka Seven Years War). In fact, the warlike Shawnee participated in almost every war of the Old West. They were greatly feared as it was their custom to torture their prisoners
Suak and Fox Indians
- Fact 15 - The Sauk tribe were a member of the Algonquian people who originated in the Fox River valley. Sauk resistance to removal from their Illinois lands ended in 1832 with the Black Hawk War.
- Fact 16 - Members of the Fox tribe (Mesquaki) spread through southern Wisconsin, and the Iowa / Illinois border after constant battles with the French-backed Huron tribe
- Fact 17 - These Indians were static tribes of tribe of hunter fishers. Men were in charge of hunting for food and protecting the camp and the women were in charge of the home and land
- Fact 18 - 1800 - Congress creates the Indiana Territory, which includes Illinois
- Fact 19 - 1803 - Kaskaskia Indians cede nearly all of their lands
- Fact 20 - 1812 - Potawatomi Indians massacre at Fort Dearborn
- Fact 21 - 1819 - Kickapoo Indians cede their lands
- Fact 22 - 1829 - Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatomi cede lands
- Fact 23 - 1839 - Cherokee Indians pass through Illinois on the Trail of Tears
A member of the Fox tribe (Mesquaki)
Facts about Native Americans Illinois
We have included a selection of trivia and interesting facts about Native Americans of Illinois which we hope will be of help with homework. Most of these interesting facts about Native Americans Illinois are quite amazing and some are little known pieces of trivia! Many of these interesting and random pieces of information and fun facts about Native Americans Illinois and info will help you increase your knowledge on the subject of Native Americans Illinois.