Did you Know? List of Interesting Facts about Native Americans Montana
Facts are statements which are held to be true and often contrasted with opinions and beliefs. Our unusual and interesting facts about Native Americans of Montana, trivia and information, including some useful statistics will fascinate everyone from kids and children to adults. Facts about Native Americans and interesting Facts about Native Americans Montana are as follows:
- Fact 1 - Montana is a state of the northwest United States bordering on Canada. The indigenous people of this state included various tribes of Native Americans including Woodland tribes and those who adopted the Great Plains culture. Names of Border States: Idaho, North Dakota, South Dakota and Wyoming
- Fact 2 - The Eastern Woodlands was a cultural area of the indigenous peoples of North America extending roughly from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River, and from the Great Lakes region to the Gulf of Mexico
- Fact 3 - Montana - The Native Americans of Montana were the Arapaho, Arikara, Assiniboin, Atsina, Bannock, Cheyenne, Chippewa, Cree, Crow, Dakota, Hidatsa, Kalispel, Kiowa, Kutenai, Mandan, Nez Perce, Piegan, Salish, Tunahe and the Spokan Native Americans tribes.
- Fact 4 - Origin of the name of the state: Based on Spanish word for "mountainous"
- Fact 5 - Features of the area: Rocky Mountains in the western third of the state; eastern two-thirds gently rolling northern great plains.
- Fact 6 - Many of the Arapaho tribes of Colorado moved to the Great Plains. The Great Plains Indians lived in tepees. The name 'Arapaho' is believed to be a corruption of the Pawnee word for 'traders.' Since 1878 the Northern Arapaho Nation has lived with the Eastern Shoshone on the Wind River Reservation.
- Fact 7 - The Arikara were a semi-nomadic tribe who lived on the banks of the upper Missouri River from the 14th century. Their permanent houses were Earth Lodges but they used tepees when hunting buffalo.
- Fact 8 - The Assiniboin have many similarities in culture and language to the Lakota Sioux who they broke away from in the 16th century.
- Fact 9 - The Kutenai, aka Kootenay, originated on the Kootenay River in British Columbia
- Fact 10 - The Bannock, or Banate tribe, originated in Western Idaho and spoke the Northern Paiute language. The Bannock tribe developed a horse culture and were closely associated with the Northern Shoshone with whom they eventually merged. In 1868 the Bannock tribe was restricted to the Fort Hall Reservation in Idaho. They experienced a terrible famine which together with broken treaties led to the Bannock War of 1878.
- Fact 11 - The Cheyenne tribe are one of the famous tribes of the Great Plains. The cholera epidemic reached the Plains Indians in 1849 resulting in huge loss of life
- Fact 12 - The Chippewa people were members of an Algonquian people who lived west of Lake Superior. The people's name, is given as Ojibwe in Canada but as Chippewa in the United States. The Chippewa waged extremely violent war on their enemies - they were so feared that the French considered the complete annihilation of this tribe.
- Fact 13 - The Cree Indians are one of the largest tribes in North America. Those from prairie regions are known as the Plains Cree and those who live in forested land are known as the Woodland Cree. The shelters used by Plains Cree are Tepees and the Woodland Cree lived in Wigwams
- Fact 14 - The Crow, aka the Absaroka or Apsaalooke, are a tribe of Native Americans who historically lived in the Yellowstone river valley. They split from the Hidatsa tribe in present-day North Dakota either around 1400-1500 CE Their name means means "children of the large-beaked bird" and they were semi-nomad hunters and farmers in the northeastern woodland. Tribal warfare, especially with the Sioux, forced them to move to the Great Plains where they hunted buffalo. Enemies of the Crow tribe included the Sioux, Shoshone and Blackfoot Indians.
- Fact 15 - The Sioux were the largest Indian tribe and also referred to as the Lakota or Dakota Sioux.
- Fact 16 - The Hidatsa are also known as the Minitari, Atsina and the Gros Ventre who lived in farming villages of Earth Lodges which were protected by an earthen wall. They cultivated corn and hunted buffalo. Their enemies were the Blackfoot.
- Fact 17 - The Kalispel were given the name Pend d'Oreille by the French because of their custom of wearing shell earrings.
- Fact 18 - The Kiowa were a tribe of Plains Indians. They were fierce, nomadic warriors. The Kiowa worshipped a stone image, the Taimay.
- Fact 19 - The Mandan were a semi-nomadic tribe who lived on the banks of the Missouri River. Their enemies were the the Assiniboin and the Sioux
- Fact 20 - The Nez Perce originally inhabited the lower Snake River and its tributaries in western Idaho. The name Nez Perce, meaning pierced nose, was given by the French because some tribe members wore nose pendants.
- Fact 21 - The Piegan Indians were the southernmost tribe of the Blackfoot confederacy.
- Fact 22 - The Salish were also referred to as Flathead Indians. The name is often said to derive from the flat head produced by binding infants' skulls with boards. The coastal Salish engaged in fishing and hunted various marine animals, whereas the Salish who lived in inland regions fished in rivers and streams and hunted game.
Salish (Flathead) Woman and Child
- Fact 23 - The Tunahe is the name of an extinct Salishan tribe who lived in west central Montana
- Fact 24 - The Spokan are a Salishan tribe who lived in west central Montana. Their name means "children of the sun" or "Sun People".
- Fact 25 - 1876 - The Plains Indian wars, the tribes were forced to go to Indian Reservations. 1876 - Nez Pierce Indian Chief Joseph lead his people out of Oregon into Montana, but was forced to surrender in 1877 near Bear's Paw Mountains in northern Montana
Facts about Native Americans Montana
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