Did you Know? List of Interesting Facts about Native Americans New Mexico
Facts are statements which are held to be true and often contrasted with opinions and beliefs. Our unusual and interesting facts about Native Americans of New Mexico, trivia and information, including some useful statistics will fascinate everyone from kids and children to adults. Facts about Native Americans and interesting Facts about Native Americans New Mexico are as follows:
- Fact 1 - New Mexico is a state of the southwest United States on the Mexican border. The indigenous people of this state included various tribes of Native Americans, some of which eventually adopted the Great Plains Indian culture. The The Southwest Indians were tribes of hunter farmers and covered parts of the U.S. states of Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Utah, and Colorado
- Fact 2 - The Great Plains area covers parts of the U.S. states of Colorado, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas and Wyoming.
- Fact 3 - Names of Border States: Arizona Colorado Oklahoma Texas Utah
- Fact 4 - Origin of the name of the state: Named by the Spanish for lands north of the Rio Grande River
- Fact 5 - Features of the area: Eastern third, Great Plains; central third, Rocky Mountains; western third, high plateau. 85% of the state is over 4000 feet in elevation.
- Fact 6 - The Native Americans of New Mexico were the Apache, Comanche, Jemez, Kiowa, Manso, Navaho, Pecos, Ute and Pueblo Indian tribes.
- Fact 7 - The Apache tribe are famous for their fierce fighting qualities. Their name comes from a Zuñi word meaning “enemy.” The Eastern Apache were predominantly hunter gatherers, whilst their Western counterparts relied more on farming but were driven from their lands by the Comanche. Today the Apache live mainly on reservations covering over 3 million acres in Arizona and New Mexico. They still retain many tribal customs
- Fact 8 - The Comanche are believed to be one of the first tribes to fully incorporate the horse into their culture and to have introduced the horse to the other Plains peoples. They were well known as fierce warriors
- Fact 9 - The Pueblo of Jemez (pronounced "He-mish") is one of the 19 pueblos located in New Mexico. The Jemez Nation was one of the largest and most powerful of the puebloan cultures. In 1541 the Spanish, led by the conquistador Coronado attempted to conquer and convert them to CHristianity leading to numerous conflicts leading to the Great Pueblo Revolt of 1680 when the Spanish were expelled. By 1692 the Spanish again gained control.
- Fact 10 - The Kiowa were a tribe of Plains Indians. They were fierce, nomadic warriors. The Kiowa worshipped a stone image, the taimay
- Fact 11 - The Manso were a clan based tribe who lived on the Mexican frontier, near El Paso, Texas and were absorbed into other tribes of New Mexico
- Fact 12 - The Navajo were formerly a nomadic tribe in brush shelters called hogans. The Navajo settled among the Pueblo and also assimilated with the Shoshone and the Yuma
- Fact 13 - The Pecos are an extinct Peublo tribe who by the Glorieta Creek and the Pecos River. They inhabited a fortified village and were renown as traders. They traded slaves, buffalo hides, flint, and shells for pottery, crops, textiles, and turquoise at first with the Apaches and later with the Spaniards and Comanche.
- Fact 14 - The Ute tribe were members of the Shoshone people of Utah, Nevada, Colorado and New Mexico. They are believed to be related to the Aztecs. They were feared as fierce, nomadic warriors
- Fact 15 - The Pueblo lands extended from S Utah and S Colorado into Arizona, New Mexico, and adjacent territory in Mexico. The Pueblo became hostile and then revolted against the Spanish. Their resistance to the Spanish ended in a mass execution of Native Americans by Coronado. The term pueblo is also used for the villages occupied by the Pueblo
Pueblo, New Mexico
- Fact 16 - History: 1680 - Pueblo Indian Revolt lead by Pope, a Pueblo Indian from the San Juan Pueblo
- Fact 17 - History: Late 1600's Navajos, Apaches, lies, and Comanches begin raids against Pueblo Indians
- Fact 18 - History: 1696 - Second Pueblo Revolt - the Natives were defeated
- Fact 19 - History: 1786 - Juan Bautista de Anza ( 1736- 1788) makes peace with the Comanche
- Fact 20 - History: 1863 - Known as the "Long Walk," Navajos and Apaches are forced to walk more than 300 miles from north-eastern Arizona and north-western New Mexico to Bosque Redondo
- Fact 21 - History: 1886 - Apache chief Geronimo and his followers surrender to General Nelson A. Miles, thus ending Indian hostilities cease in the Southwest
Picture of Geronimo
Facts about Native Americans New Mexico
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