Did you Know? List of Interesting Facts about Native Americans West Virginia
Facts are statements which are held to be true and often contrasted with opinions and beliefs. Our unusual and interesting facts about Native Americans of West Virginia, trivia and information, including some useful statistics will fascinate everyone from kids and children to adults. Interesting Facts about Native Americans West Virginia are as follows:
- Fact 1 - West Virginia is a state in the Appalachian and South-eastern regions of the United States. The indigenous people of this state included various tribes of Native Americans.
- Fact 2 - The Southeast tribes of Native Americans were hunter gatherers and hunter farmers. Men were in charge of hunting for food and protecting the camp and the women were in charge of the land and home. They inhabited lands of Woodland, lakes, rivers and streams and were hunters, fishers and farmers. Their crops included rice, squash, melons, pumpkins.
An Iroquois warrior
- Fact 3 - Names of Border States: Kentucky, Maryland, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Virginia
- Fact 4 - Origin of the name of the state: Named after England's Queen Elizabeth I, the "Virgin Queen"
- Fact 5 - Features of the area: Ranging from hilly to mountainous and the Allegheny plateau, in the west that covers two-thirds of the state
- Fact 6 - The Native Americans of West Virginia included tribes such as the Cherokee, Iroquois, Manahoac, Meherrin, Monacan, Nottaway, Occaneechi, Tutelo, Saponi and Shawnee
- Fact 7 - The Cherokee tribe of Indians were one of the "Five Civilized Tribes", because they had assimilated cultural and customs of the white settlers and colonists. The Cherokee refer to themselves as the "Principal People". The "Five Civilized Tribes" were the Cherokee, Chickasaw,
Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole
- Fact 8 - The Iroquois are also known as the Haudenosaunee or the "People of the Longhouse".
- Fact 9 - The Manahoac tribe were a Sioux speaking people who numbered 1000 when contact was first made by the Europeans. In 1608 John Smith met with a large group of Manahoac above the falls of the Rappahannock River. Contact with the Europeans brought diseases to which they had no immunity. This, and tribal warfare, led to their extinction.
- Fact 10 - The Meherrin tribe are part of the Iroquoian-language Native Americans. Their name means “People of the Muddy Water” or the “Muddy Water People.”
- Fact 11 - The Monacan tribe were members of the Catawba tribe of the Sioux. They still live around Bear Mountain in Amherst County and were allied to the Mannahoac.
- Fact 12 - The Nottaway aka Cheroenhaka tribe are an Iroquoian-language tribe of Virginia Indians. Their name means “People at the Fork of the Steam.” They lived in villages of Longhouses which were protected by pallisades. Longhouses were permanent houses and homes used by hunter farmers. These houses were built up to 200 feet long, 20 feet wide and 20 feet high. They often had 2 storeys - a raised platform created the top storey which was ideal for sleeping.
A Fort of Longhouses (Birch houses)
- Fact 13 - The Occaneechi Band of the Saponi Nation were a small tribe associated with the Sioux who originally lived in North Carolina. They nearly became extinct due to tribal warfare and diseases such as smallpox that were brought by the Europeans leading to their joining the Catawba Confederacy.
Fact 14 - The Saponi were a small tribe associated with the Sioux who lived in North Carolina. The tribe became extinct due to tribal warfare and diseases such as smallpox that were brought by the Europeans
- Fact 15 - The Shawnee were Algonquian-speaking tribes who were spread over a widespread geographic area although their earliest known home was in the state of Ohio. Traditionally the Shawnee lived in bark-covered houses grouped into large villages near cornfields. Many Shawnee fought as allies of their French trading partners during the early years of the French and Indian War (aka Seven Years War). In fact, the warlike Shawnee participated in almost every war of the Old West. They were greatly feared as it was their custom to torture their prisoners
- Fact 16 - The Tutelo tribe inhabited the area of the Big Sandy River. Their enemies were the powerful Iroquois. They were a Sioux speaking tribe who became known as the Tutelo-Saponi and merged with the the Cayuga tribe of New York in 1753.
- Fact 17 - 1744 - Territory ceded to the English by Indians of the Six Nations
- Fact 18 - 1722 - Iroquois surrender claims to land south of the Ohio River in addition to counties in the eastern panhandle
- Fact 19 - In the 17th Century, West Virginia tribes were divided into three language groups: Algonquian Speakers, Siouan Speakers and Iroquoian Speakers.
- Fact 20 - Tribes of Iroquoian-speaking people formed the Iroquois League referred to as the Five Nations or Iroquois Confederacy was composed of the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga and Seneca nations
Facts about Native Americans West Virginia
We have included a selection of trivia and interesting facts about Native Americans of West Virginia which we hope will be of help with homework. Most of these interesting facts about Native Americans West Virginia are quite amazing and some are little known pieces of trivia! Many of these interesting and random pieces of information and fun facts about Native Americans West Virginia and info will help you increase your knowledge on the subject of Native Americans West Virginia.