Did you Know? List of Interesting History of the Native American Indians
Facts are statements which are held to be true and often contrasted with opinions and beliefs. Our unusual and interesting History of the Native American Indians, trivia and information, including some useful statistics will fascinate everyone from kids and children to adults. Interesting History of the Native American Indians by state are as follows:
- Fact 1 - Definition: Native Americans are the indigenous peoples from North America. This article details important events in the History of the Native American Indians by each state
- Fact 2 - Indians were initially referred to as Red Skins when the navigator who sailed with Columbus noticed an red color of their skin which was due to the ochre they applied for decoration
- Fact 3 - Connecticut 1637 - The Pequot War - Indians of Connecticut included the Narragansetts, Mohegans, Wampanoags, Nipmucks, Pocumtucks, Abenakis and Pequots. The Pequots were defeated by the colonists, who were led by John Underhill and John Mason and the Narragansetts and Mohegans who were their allies.
- Indians Fact 4 - Connecticut 1675 - 1677 King Philip's War so named after Metacomet of the Wampanoag tribe, who was called Philip by the English. The war was bloody and bitterly fought by the colonists against the Wampanoags, Narragansetts, Nipmucks, Pocumtucks, and Abenakis.
- Fact 5 - Arizona 1752 - The first permanent Spanish settlement was established in Tubac, after many revolts from the Pima and Papago Native Americans tribes
- Indians Fact 6 - Conflict erupted between settlers and Indians throughout the 1800's
- Fact 7 - Alabama 1805 - 1806 - (Choctaw) and northern (Chickasaw and Cherokee) Indian cessions open up land to white settlement. 1813 - 1814 - The Creek Indian War - At the start of the 1500's the Creeks occupied nearly all of southeast United States. 1836 - 1837 - The Second Creek War (Seminole War) in which Creek warriors were defeated at Hobdy's Bridge South Alabama. 1832-1839 - Removal of the Seminole, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw and Creek Indians, known as the "Five Civilized Tribes", to Indian Territory
- Indians Fact 8 - Arizona 1862 - The Apaches, led by Cochise, attack soldiers at Apache Pass, beginning a ten year war with settlers. In 1886 - September 4 The great Apache Geronimo surrenders
- Indians Fact 9 - Colorado - The Plains Indians including the Sioux, Cheyenne, Arapahoe, Ute, Kiowa, Lakota and Comanche nations fought bitter wars over the land during the 1800's led by chiefs such as Crazy Horse, Red Cloud, and Sitting Bull. One of the most famous battles was the defeat of General George Armstrong Custer at the Battle of Little Bighorn on June 26, 1876. Treaties were made and broken and there were bloody massacres. The tribes were forced to go to Indian Reservations
- Indians Fact 10 - Delaware - The Indians of Delaware included the Lenapi , Iroquois, Cherokee and Narwahro
- Fact 11 - Florida - The Indians of Florida included the Apalachee, Calusa, Cherokee, Seminoles, Timucuan and Tocobago. In 1858 the Seminole Wars forced all but a few out of Florida
- Indians Fact 12 - Georgia - The Indians of Georgia included the Cherokee and Creek Nations, almost all of Georgia was controlled by the Creeks. 1838 - The Trail of Tears. Cherokee and Creek Indians are forced from the state
- Fact 13 - Idaho - The Indians of Idaho were the Lemhi Shoshone Bannock, Nez Perce, Salish, Paiutes and the Piegan Indians
- Indians Fact 14 - Illinois - The Indians of Illinois were the Illinois tribe (Illini), Iroquois, Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatomi, Kickapoo, Kaskaskia, Miami, Shawnee, Sauk and Fox tribes. 1800 - Congress creates the Indiana Territory, which includes Illinois. 1803 - Kaskaskia Indians cede nearly all of their lands. 1812 - Potawatomi Indians massacre at Fort Dearborn.1819 - Kickapoo Indians cede their lands. 1829 - Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatomi cede lands. 1839 - Cherokee Indians pass through Illinois on the "Trail of Tears" to Oklahoma
Kickapoo Native American
- Indians Fact 15 - Indiana - The Indians of Indiana were the Illinois tribe (Illini), Chippewa, Delaware, Erie, Illinois, Iroquois, Kickapoo and Miami
- Indians Fact 16 - Iowa - The Indians of Iowa were the Chippewa, Dakota, Fox, Illinois, Iowa, Nez Perce, Pahodja, Pawnee, Winnebago, Missouri, Moingwena, Omaha, Oto, Ottawa, Peoria, Ponca, Potawatomi, Sauk and Winnebago. 1832 - The "Black Hawk War" and the Sauk tribe was forced to cede their land
- Fact 17 - Kansas - The Indians of Kansas were the Apache, Arapaho, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chippewa, Comanche, Delaware, Fox, Illinois and Iroquois
- Indians Fact 18 - Kentucky - The Indians of Kentucky were the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Mosopelea, Shawnee and Yuchi who became part of the Creek Indian War
- Fact 19 - Louisiana - The Indians of Louisiana were the Adai, Alabama, Apalachee, Atakapa, Avoyel, Bayogoula, Biloxi, Caddo, Chatot, Chawasha, Chitimacha, Choctaw, Houma, Koasati, Koroa, Mugulasha, Muskogee, Natchez, Okelousa, Opelousa, Ouachita, Pascagoula, Quapaw, Quinipissa, Souchitioni, Tangipahoa, Tawasa, Washa and Yatasi
- Fact 20 - New Jersey - The Indians of New Jersey were the Abnaki, Malecite, Passamaquoddy and Pennacook
- Indians Fact 21 - Maryland - The Indians of Maryland were the Conoy
- Fact 22 - Massachusetts - The Indians of Massachusetts included the The Native Americans of Massachusetts were the Mohican, Nauset and the Massachuset. 1675 - 1677 King Philip's War so named after Metacomet of the Wampanoag tribe, who was called Philip by the English. This war proved to be the final struggle by the Native Americans of Massachusetts
- Indians Fact 23 - Michigan - The Indians of Michigan were the Huron, Menominee, Chippewa, Potawatomi, Kickapoo, Miami, Noquet and Fox tribes. 1819 - The Treaty of Saginaw cedes nearly 6 million acres of Indian lands to Michigan settlers.
- Indians Fact 24 - Minnesota - The Indians of Minnesota were the Arapaho, Cheyenne, Chippewa, Dakota Sioux, Fox, Iowa, Omaha, Oto, Ottawa, Ponca, Sauk, Winnebago and Wyandot Indians tribes
- Fact 25 - Mississippi - The Indians of Mississippi were the Biloxi, Capinans, Chakchiuma, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Choula, Dakota, Grigra, Houma, Ibitoupa, Koroa, Moctobi, Natchez, Ofo, Okelousa, Pascagoula, Pensacola, Quapaw, Taposa, Tiou, Tunica and Yazoo Native Americans tribes. 1729 - French settlers at Fort Rosalie are massacred by Natchez Indians. 1732 - The French retaliate for the massacre at Fort Rosalie decimating the Natchez Indians. 1805 - By the Treaty of Mount Dexter, the Choctaws sell 4.5 million acres of land to the U.S. government and this opens up land to white settlement
- Indians Fact 26 - Missouri - The Indians of Missouri were the Caddo, Dakota, Delaware, Fox, Illinois, Iowa, Kickapoo, Missouri, Omaha, Osage, Oto, Sauk and Shawnee tribes
- Fact 27 - Montana - The Indians of Montana were the Arapaho, Arikara, Assiniboin, Atsina, Bannock, Cheyenne, Chippewa, Cree, Crow, Dakota, Hidatsa, Kalispel, Kiowa, Kutenai, Mandan, Nez Perce, Piegan, Salish, Tunahe and the Spokan Indians tribes. 1876 - The Plains Indian wars, the tribes were forced to go to Indian Reservations. 1876 - Nez Pierce Indian Chief Joseph lead his people out of Oregon into Montana, but was forced to surrender in 1877 near Bear's Paw Mountains in northern Montana
- Indians Fact 28 - Nebraska - The Indians of Nebraska were the were the Arapaho, Cheyenne, Comanche, Chippewa, Delaware, Fox, Omaha, Fox, Kansas, Kiowa, Missouri, Iowa Oto, Sauk and the Pawnee tribes. 1830 - The Indian Removal Act allowing the U.S. government to relocate Indians west of the Mississippi River
- Indians Fact 29 - Nevada - The Indians of Nevada were the were the Koso, Paiute, Panamint, Pueblo, Shoshoni and Ute tribes. 1863 - Western Shoshone Indians sign treaty of Ruby Valley, signed by Te-Moak. 1880 - Chief Winnemucca died. In 1883 Sarah Winnemucca writes the book "Life among the Piutes" and establishes Nevada's first school for Indians.
- Indians Fact 30 - New Hampshire - The Indians of New Hampshire were the were the Abnaki, Malecite, Passamaquoddy and Pennacook
- Fact 31 - New Jersey - The Indians of New Jersey were the Abnaki, Malecite, Passamaquoddy and Pennacook
- Indians Fact 32 - New Mexico - The Indians of New Mexico were the Apache, Comanche, Jemez, Kiowa, Manso, Navaho, Pecos, Ute and Pueblo Indian tribes. 1680 - Pueblo Indian Revolt lead by Pope, a Pueblo Indian from the San Juan Pueblo Late 1600's Navajos, Apaches, lies, and Comanches begin raids against Pueblo Indians. 1696 - Second Pueblo Revolt - the Natives were defeated. 1786 - Juan Bautista de Anza ( 1736- 1788) makes peace with the Comanche. 1863 - Known as the "Long Walk," Navajos and Apaches are forced to walk more than 300 miles from north-eastern Arizona and north-western New Mexico to Bosque Redondo. 1886 - Apache chief Geronimo and his followers surrender to General Nelson A. Miles, thus ending Indian hostilities cease in the Southwest
- Indians Fact 33 - New York - The Indians of New York were the Delaware, Erie, Iroquois, Mohawk, Oneida and Seneca Indians tribes
- Indians Fact 34 - North Carolina - The Indians of North Carolina included the Bear River Indians, Cape Fear Indians, Catawba, Cheraw, Cherokee, Chowanoc, Machapunga, Moratok, Natchez, Occaneechi, Saponi, Shakori, Tuscarora and Waccamaw tribes. 1711-1713 - The Tuscarora War between the Tuscarora Indians and European settlers. The Tuscarora are defeated. 1715 - The Yamasee War - An Indian confederation led by the Yamasee came close to exterminating the white settlements in their area
- Fact 35 - North Dakota - The Indians of North Dakota included the Arapaho, Arikara, Cheyenne, Chippewa, Dakota and Mandan Indians tribes
- Indians Fact 36 - Ohio - The Indians of Ohio included the Illinois tribe (Illini), Iroquois, Chippewa, Delaware, Erie, Ottawa, and Potawatomi, Kickapoo, Kaskaskia, Miami, Wyandot and Shawnee tribes. 1774 - Indian War / Lord Dunmore's War - Lord Dunmore, Governor of Virginia, sends in soldiers to defeat the Native Shawnee Indians who had attacked the settlers. 1795 - Treaty of Greenville ends the Indian Wars in Ohio. 1842 - The Wyandots, Ohio's last Indian tribe, leave Ohio.
- Fact 37 - Oklahoma - Many different tribes from the great Indian Nations were forced to move from their homelands and were granted land in Oklahoma
- Indians Fact 38 - Oregon - The Indians of Oregon included the Ahantchuyuk, Alsea, Bannock, Calapooya, Cayuse, Chastacosta, Chetco, Hanis, Kuitsh, Miluk, Modoc, Nez Perce, Shasta, Snake, Takelma, Tillamook, Wallawalla and Yamel tribes
- Indians Fact 39 - Pennsylvania - The Indians of Pennsylvania included the Delaware, Erie, Honniasont, Iroquois, Saponi, Shawnee, Susquehanna, Tuscarora, Tutelo and Wenrohronon tribes. 1764 - Pontiac's Rebellion. The British treated the former Indian allies of the French like conquered peoples, which prompted the Ottawa Chief Pontiac (1720-1769) to lead a rebellion of a number of tribes against the British
- Indians Fact 40 - Rhode Island - The Indians of Rhode Island included the Nipmuc, Pequot, Wampanoag and Narraganset tribes. 1675 - 1677 King Philip's War which proved to be the final struggle by the Indians of Rhode Island
- Indians Fact 41 - South Carolina - The Indians of South Carolina included the Bear River Indians, Cape Fear Indians, Catawba, Cheraw, Cherokee, Chowanoc, Machapunga, Moratok, Natchez, Occaneechi, Saponi, Shakori, Tuscarora and Waccamaw tribes. 1711-1713 - The Tuscarora War between the Tuscarora Indians and European settlers. The Tuscarora are defeated. 1715 - The Yamasee War - An Indian confederation led by the Yamasee came close to exterminating the white settlements in their area
- Indians Fact 42 - South Dakota - The Indians of South Dakota included the Arapaho, Arikara, Cheyenne, Chippewa, Dakota and Mandan Indians tribes
- Fact 43 - Tennessee - The Indians of Tennessee included the Catawba, Cherokee, Chiaha, Chickasaw, Mosopelia, Muskogee, Natchez, Shawnee, Tali, Tuskegee and the Yuchi tribes
- Indians Fact 44 - Texas - The Indians of Texas included the Apache, Alabama, Atakapa, Biloxi, Caddo, Cherokee, Choctaw, Comanche, Creeks, Koasati, Koroa, Kiowa, Muskogee, Pueblos, Quapaw, Shawnee, Waco and Wichita tribes
- Indians Fact 45 - Utah - The Indians of Utah included the Bannock, Gosiute, Navaho, Paiute, Shoshoni and the Ute tribes. 1853 The Walker War with the Ute Indians begins over slavery among the Indians. 1865-1868 Ute Black Hawk War last major Indian conflict in Utah
- Fact 46 - Vermont - The Indians of Vermont included the Abnaki, Mohican, Pennacook and the Pocomtuc tribes. 1780 - Last major Indian raid, led by the British, in Royalton.
- Indians Fact 47 - Virginia - The Indians of Virginia included the Cherokee, Iroquois, Manahoac, Meherrin, Monacan, Nottaway, Occaneechi, Saponi and Shawnee tribes. 1744 - Territory ceded to the English by Indians of the Six Nations
- Indians Fact 48 - Washington - There were many Native Americans of Washington including the Chinook, Clalskanie, Columbia, Makah, Nez Perce, Ozette, Palouse, Skin, Wallawalla, Wynoochee and the Yakima tribes. 1847 - Cayuse Indians attack Whitman Mission in Walla Walla. 1855 - The Yakima Indian War lasts for three years.
- Indians Fact 49 - Virginia - The Indians of Virginia included the Cherokee, Iroquois, Manahoac, Meherrin, Monacan, Nottaway, Occaneechi, Saponi and Shawnee tribes. 1722 - Iroquois surrender claims to land south of the Ohio River in addition to counties in the eastern panhandle
- Indians Fact 50 - Wisconsin - There were many Native Americans of Wisconsin including the Chippewa, Dakota, Fox, Iowa, Kickapoo, Mohican, Miami, Munsee, Iroquois, Oto, Ottawa, Potawatomi, Tionontati, Winnebago and Wyandot tribes. 1764 - Indian War / Pontiac's Conspiracy aka Pontiac's Rebellion. The British treated the former Indian allies of the French like conquered peoples, which prompted the Ottawa Chief Pontiac (1720-1769) to lead a rebellion of a number of tribes against the British. 1832 - Black Hawk War was the last native conflict in the area, led by Chief Black Hawk. An unsuccessful attempt by the Sauk and Fox tribes to move back to their homeland.
- Indians Fact 51 - Wyoming - There were many Indians of Wyoming including Arapaho, Bannock, Cheyenne, Comanche, Crow, Dakota, Kiowa, Pawnee, Shoshoni and the Ute tribes. 1854-90 The Sioux Wars - The Sioux Indians under Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse resisted waves of settlers and prospectors, to keep their hunting grounds.
History of the Native American Indians
We have included a selection of trivia and interesting History of the Native American Indians which we hope will be of help with homework. Most of these interesting facts about Indians are quite amazing and some are little known pieces of trivia! Many of these interesting and random pieces of information and fun History of the Native American Indians and info will help you increase your knowledge on the subject of Indians.