Concise Biography, History & Facts About President James Garfield Twentieth President - James Abram Garfield James Garfield Lifespan: 1831 - 1881 Place of Birth - November 19, 1831, in Orange, Ohio Education - Western Reserve Eclectic Institute (now Hiram College), Williams College (graduated 1856) James Garfield Term as President - 100 days in 1881 Political Party - Republican Vice President / Vice Presidents - Chester A. Arthur Religion - Disciples of Christ James Garfield, Military Experience - served as an officer in the Civil War Name of Wife - James Garfield was married on November 11, 1858 to Lucretia Rudolph Garfield. They had 7 Children - Eliza (1860–1863), Harry (1863–1942), James (1865–1950), Mary (1867–1947), Irvin (1870–1951), Abram (1872–1958), Edward (1874–1876) Career of James Garfield - Teacher, Lawyer, Politician, Statesman Member of Ohio State Senate, 1859-61 Member of U.S. House of Representatives, 1863-80 Elected to United States Senate, 1880 Place of Death - James Garfield died on September 19, 1881, in Elbberon, New Jersey after being shot 11 weeks earlier on July 2 in Washington D.C. His death was due to blood poisoning and infection caused by doctors who probed Garfield's wound with dirty, unsterilized fingers and instruments whilst attempting to find the location of the bullet James Garfield was buried in Lake View Cemetery, Cleveland, Ohio Next President: President Chester Alan Arthur
Major Events during his presidency
Garfield is best remembered for his assassination 100 days after he assumed office
Garfield was assassinated by the insane Charles Julius Guiteau
Scandal - He was implicated in the Credit Mobilier scandal in which congressmen were accused of turning a blind eye to corruption in the company
James Garfield advocated hard money policies backed by gold
Presidential Facts and Trivia in response to the question who was President James Garfield
Description of President James Garfield - Height 6 feet 0 inches
James Garfield was raised on a poor farm
James Garfield was a Civil War hero
Garfield was the poorest man ever to have become President
James Garfield Age at Inauguration - 49 years old
James Garfield Age at Death - 49 years old
Garfield was the first left-handed president
Garfield died of blood poisoning after being shot by assassin Charles Guiteau on July 2, 1881
Presidential Facts and Trivia in response to the question who was James Garfield
President James Garfield and the Constitution of the US (17th September,1787)
Information and Facts about any President of America is incomplete without explaining his role and his power in the government of the country. We have therefore included this section regarding the US Constitution. Under the U.S. Constitution the president is the head of state, the commander in chief of the armed forces and is also the chief executive of the federal government.
Facts about Eligibility Article 2, Section 1, this section of the U.S. Constitution sets the requirements to hold office.
A natural born citizen of the US
A resident of the US for 14 years
Thirty-five years of age
Facts about Term of Office Following election he, and the Vice President, shall hold his office during the term of four years. ( The twenty-second amendment, which started with the inauguration of Dwight Eisenhower, limits the this to two terms)
President's Executive Oath of Office "I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States." United States Constitution, Article II, Section 1, Clause 8
Facts about Main Presidential Duties and power
Commander-in-chief of the armed forces of the United States
In times of war or national emergency to manage the national economy and protect the security of the United States
Nomination of the heads of all executive departments and agencies (Subject to Senate confirmation)
Preparing the budget of the United States, although the Congress must approve it.
Presidential legislative powers - The status of the country and his legislative proposals for the upcoming year are given in the annual State of the Union Address.
Facts about Presidential judicial power
Appointing important public officials such as ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls and judges of the Supreme Court.
Granting reprieves and pardons to anyone convicted of breaking a federal law — except in a case of impeachment.
Facts about Presidential power in foreign affairs
Federal official primarily responsible for the relations of the United States with foreign nations.
To make treaties and appoint ambassadors, ministers, and consuls (provided two thirds of the Senators present concur).
To receive foreign ambassadors and other public officials.
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James Garfield - Statesman - Biography - President - Presidential Trivia - History - Quote - Facts - Power Bio - Politician - American Revolution - The Constitution - Trivia - US - James Garfield
Facts about President James Garfield - America's 20th President