Facts about Niobium
Facts about Niobium - Element included on the Periodic Table
Facts about the Definition of the Element Niobium
The Element Niobium is defined as...
A silvery, soft, ductile metallic element that occurs chiefly in columbite-tantalite and is used in steel alloys, arc welding, and superconductivity research. This element is still widely referred to by its original name - Columbium.
Interesting Facts about the Origin and Meaning of the element name Niobium
What are the origins of the word Niobium ?
Name Origin - Columbium was the name originally given to this element by Hatchet but IUPAC officially adopted "niobium" as the name originally given by Heinrich Rose in 1846. The word Niobium originates from Niobe, daughter of mythical Greek king Tantalus.
Facts about the Classification of the Element Niobium
Niobium is classified as a "Transition Metal" which are located in Groups 3 - 12 of the Periodic Table. An Element classified as a Transition Metals is ductile, malleable, and able to conduct electricity and heat.
Brief Facts about the Discovery and History of the Element Niobium
Niobium was discovered by Charles Hatchet in 1801 in the columbite ore that was sent to England in the 1750s by John Winthrop, the first governor of Connecticut. Hatchet therefore gave it the name Columbium. Heinrich Rose and Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac rediscovered the element in 1846. Christian Blomstrand was the first to prepare the metal in 1864.
Occurrence of the element Niobium in the Atmosphere
Obtained from columbite
Common Uses of Niobium
Hot metal spraying
The Properties of the Element Niobium
Name of Element : Niobium
Symbol of Element : Nb
Atomic Number of Niobium : 41
Atomic Mass: 92.90638 amu
Melting Point: 2468.0 °C - 2741.15 °K
Boiling Point: 4927.0 °C - 5200.15 °K
Number of Protons/Electrons in Niobium : 41
Number of Neutrons in Niobium : 52
Crystal Structure: Cubic
Density @ 293 K: 8.57 g/cm3
Color of Niobium : silvery white
The element Niobium and the Periodic Table
Find out more facts about Niobium on the Periodic Table which arranges every chemical element according to its atomic number, as based on the periodic law, so that chemical elements with similar properties are in the same column. Our Periodic Table is simple to use - just click on the symbol for Niobium for additional facts and info and for an instant comparison of the Atomic Weight, Melting Point, Boiling Point and Mass - G/cc of Niobium with any other element. An invaluable source for more interesting facts and information about the Niobium element and as a Chemistry reference guide.
Facts and Info about the element Niobium - IUPAC and the Modern Standardised Periodic Table
The Standardised Periodic Table in use today was agreed by the International Union of Pure Applied Chemistry, IUPAC, in 1985 which includes the Niobium element. The famous Russian Scientist, Dimitri Mendeleev, perceived the correct classification method of "the periodic table" for the 65 elements which were known in his time. Niobium was discovered by Charles Hatchet in 1801. The Standardised Periodic Table now recognises more periods and elements than Dimitri Mendeleev knew in his day but still all fitting into his concept of the "Periodic Table" in which Niobium is just one element that can be found.
Facts and Info about the Element Niobium
Information Facts about the Niobium Element