History of Illinois

History of Illinois - The Prairie State

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Facts about the History of Illinois

The History of the State of Illinois with some brief, but essential historical events, dates in a timeline and the people who made the State of Illinois great. You will find all of the relevant facts, data and info in a comprehensive Timeline format providing facts about the History of Illinois and how this fits in with the History of America. Historical facts, a timeline and information about the Tribes of Native Americans of the State of Illinois. Discover these interesting facts about the History of Illinois including its explorers, pioneers, settlers and leaders. The Timeline format provides a chronology of important people and events important to the History of  Illinois. For General Information about the State please click the following link: Fast Facts about the State of Illinois

Illinois

Illinois

Facts about the History of Illinois History

  • Facts about the History of Illinois History - 1600's Native Americans of Illinois

    • Illinois was first explored by the French

    • The Native Indians of Illinois were the Illinois tribe (Illini), Iroquois, Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatomi, Kickapoo, Kaskaskia, Miami, Shawnee, Sauk and Fox tribes

    • 1673 - French explorers Jacques Marquette (1637-1675) and Louis Jolliet (1645-1700) reach Illinois

    • 1680 - French explorer René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (1643-1687) and Henry de Tonty (1650-1704) build Fort Crèvecoeur

    • 1696 - Jesuit priest Pierre François Pinet (1660-1704) establishes the Guardian Angel mission in present-day Chicago

  • Facts about the History of Illinois History - 1700's

    • 1717 - Illinois becomes part of the French colony of Louisiana

    • 1718 - John Law (1671-1729) is granted a French charter for colonizing the Mississippi Valley

    • 1756 - 1763 - The Seven Years War (French and Indian War) due to disputes over land is won by Great Britain. France gives England all French territory east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans. The Spanish give up east and west Florida to the English in return for Cuba.

    • 1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution creates the United States of America. The Revolution was due to the British burden of taxes and total power to legislate any laws governing the American colonies

    • July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence

    • July 10, 1778 - France declares war against Britain and makes an alliance with the American revolutionary forces

    • September 3, 1783 - The Treaty of Paris is signed by the victorious United States and the defeated Great Britain

  • Facts about the History of Illinois History - The Early 1800's

    • 1800's - Conflict erupts between settlers and Native Indians throughout the 1800's

    • The Native Indians of Illinois were the Illinois tribe (Illini), Iroquois, Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatomi, Kickapoo, Kaskaskia, Miami, Shawnee, Sauk and Fox tribes

    • 1800 - Congress creates the Indiana Territory, which includes Illinois

    • 1803 - Kaskaskia Indians cede nearly all of their lands

    • 1812 - 1815 - The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but
      confirmed America's Independence

    • 1812 - Potawatomi Indians massacre at Fort Dearborn

    • 1818 - Illinois becomes the twenty-first state

    • 1819 - Kickapoo Indians cede their lands

    • 1829 - Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatomi cede lands

    • 1839 - CherokeeIndians pass through Illinois on the "Trail of Tears" to Oklahoma

  • Facts about the History of Illinois History - The American Civil War

    • 1861 - 1865 The American Civil War. In 1859 John Brown raided Harpers Ferry and set in
      motion events that led directly to the outbreak of the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln, a
      known opponent of slavery, was elected president and in 1861 the South Secedes. The
      initial Secession of South Carolina was followed by the secession of Mississippi, Florida,
      Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina.
      These eleven states eventually formed the Confederate States of America. The
      bombardment of Fort Sumter was the opening engagement of the American Civil War.
      The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy

    • 1865 December 6 - The Abolishment of Slavery. The Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S Constitution is ratified, thus officially abolishing slavery

    • 1898-1901 The Spanish American War. On December 10, 1898 the Treaty of Paris the US annexes Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines.

  • Origin of the name - Named after The state of Illinois derives from the Illinois River. The river was named by the French explorer, Robert Cavelier Sieur de La Salle, in 1679 after the Native Indians who lived in the region. The word Illinois is translated from the Indian word "iliniwok," meaning "warriors"

map-illinois

The History of Illinois provides facts and a timeline crammed with historical facts and dates about State leaders and explorers who impacted the History of the State of Illinois. The early history and timeline of Illinois providing significant facts in the History of Illinois.

Facts about the History of Illinois
The following details and
Facts about Native Americans are helpful when compiling a fact sheet about the State:

  • Key Dates and events
  • Major Historic Events with a Timeline
  • Additional Information about key people with Birth date and date of death where possible
  • Details of Explorers, Settlers, Pioneers and Leaders who had an impact on the State
  • Informative Timeline including critical dates, events and wars

Facts about the History of Illinois
Fast facts about the History of Illinois! Fast historical facts about the history of Illinois! Find out the important historical information about the History of Illinois - its leaders, Native Indians, pioneers, explorers and settlers! Facts and a timeline about the History of Illinois. The History of Illinois is full of interesting information about this great American State! Facts and History of Illinois with a Illinois History Timeline of Events in the History of America and Illinois. Great for homework, or projects, an ideal Educational Resource and tourist information for " The Prairie State !"

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Facts about the History of Illinois


History of Illinois - Facts about History of Illinois - Timeline - Facts History of Illinois - History - History of Illinois - Historical - Time Line - State - Info - History of Illinois - Native Indian Tribes - Explorers - History of Illinois - 1500's - 1600's - History of Illinois - 1700's - 1800's - 1900's - Facts about History of Illinois - Settlers - Pioneers - Leaders - History of Illinois - Facts about History of Illinois - Written By Linda Alchin