History of New Mexico

History of New Mexico - The Land of Enchantment

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Facts about the History of New Mexico

The History of the State of New Mexico with some brief, but essential historical events, dates in a timeline and the people who made the State of New Mexico great. You will find all of the relevant facts, data and info in a comprehensive Timeline format providing facts about the History of New Mexico and how this fits in with the History of America. Historical facts, a timeline and information about the Tribes of Native Americans of the State of New Mexico. Discover these interesting facts about the History of New Mexico including its explorers, pioneers, settlers and leaders. The Timeline format provides a chronology of important people and events important to the History of  New Mexico. For General Information about the State please click the following link: Fast Facts about the State of New Mexico.

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Facts about the History of New Mexico History

  • Facts about the History of New Mexico History - 1500's Native Americans of New Mexico

    • The Native Indians of New Mexico were the Apache, Comanche, Jemez, Kiowa, Manso, Navaho, Pecos, Ute and Pueblo Indian tribes
      1536 - Spanish conquistador Cabeza de Vaca reaches Culiacdn, Mexico

    • 1540- The Spanish explorer, Francisco Vasquez de Coronado (1510-1554) explores the area from Gulf of California to present-day Kansas and discovers the Grand Canyon

    • 1580 - Fray Augustin Rodriguez and Captain Francisco Sanchez Chamuscado travel up the Rio Grande

    • 1582 - Fray Bernadino Beltran and Fray Antonio de Espejo travel to New Mexico

    • 1598 - Juan de Onate 1595-1628 establishes the first Spanish capital of San Juan de los Caballeros

    • 1599 - Battle at Aroma between Pueblo natives and Spaniards

  • Facts about the History of New Mexico History - 1600's

    • 1605 - Juan de Onate 1595-1628 leads expedition to the Colorado River

    • 1626 - The terrifying Spanish Inquisition established in New Mexico

    • 1680 - Pueblo Indian Revolt lead by Pope, a Pueblo Indian from the San Juan Pueblo

    • Late 1600's Navajos, Apaches, lies, and Comanches begin raids against Pueblo Indians

    • 1696 - Second Pueblo Revolt - the Natives were defeated

  • Facts about the History of New Mexico History - 1600's

    • 1756 - 1763 - The Seven Years War (French and Indian War) due to disputes over land is won by Great Britain. France gives England all French territory east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans. The Spanish give up east and west Florida to the English in return for Cuba

    • 1776 - Franciscan Fathers Francisco Atanasio Dominguez and Silvestre Velez de Escalante explore route from out New Mexico to California.

    • 1786 - Juan Bautista de Anza ( 1736- 1788) makes peace with the Comanche.

  • Facts about the History of New Mexico History - The Early 1800's

    • The Native Indians of New Mexico were the Apache, Comanche, Jemez, Kiowa, Manso, Navaho, Pecos, Ute and Pueblo Indian tribes

    • 1807 - Zebulon M. Pike (1779-1813), a native of New Jersey, leads first Anglo American expedition into New Mexico

    • 1821 - Mexico declares independence from Spain

    • 1821 - William Bucknell ( 1773 - ?) opens the Santa Fe Trail between Missouri and New Mexico

    • 1828 - Gold discovered in the Ortiz Mountains

    • 1835 - Las Vegas is the last Spanish colony established in North Americ

    • 1841 - Texans invade New Mexico and claim all land east of the Rio Grande

    • 1846 - Mexican-American War begins. Stephen Watts Kearny ( 1794 - 1848) annexes New Mexico to the United States

    • 1848 - Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends Mexican-American War

    • 1850 - New Mexico (which included present-day Arizona, southern Colorado, southern Utah, and southern Nevada) is designated a territory but denied statehood

    • 1854 - The Gadsden Purchase adds 45,000 square miles to the territory

    • 1863 - Known as the "Long Walk," Navajos and Apaches are forced to walk more than 300 miles from north-eastern Arizona and north-western New Mexico to Bosque Redondo

    • 1863 - New Mexico is partitioned in half. Territory of Arizona is created

    • 1871 - William H. Bonney, aka Billy the Kid ( 1859-1881) kills his first man with a knife in Silver City at the age of 12 years old

    • 1878 - The railroad arrives in New Mexico

    • 1881 - Billy the Kid ( 1859-1881) is shot by Sheriff Pat Garrett in Fort Sumner

    • 1886 - Apache chief Geronimo and his followers surrender to General Nelson A. Miles, thus ending Indian hostilities cease in the Southwest

    • 1908 - Pat Garrett is shot to death at the age of 57 in an argument with a rancher

    • 1898-1901 The Spanish American War. On December 10, 1898 the Treaty of Paris the US annexes Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines.

  • Origin of the name - Named after "Nuevo Mexico," the Spanish name for the upper Rio Grande

The History of New Mexico provides facts and a timeline crammed with historical facts and dates about State leaders and explorers who impacted the History of the State of New Mexico. The early history and timeline of New Mexico providing significant facts in the History of New Mexico.

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Facts about the History of New Mexico
The following details and
Facts about Native Americans are helpful when compiling a fact sheet about the State:

  • Key Dates and events
  • Major Historic Events with a Timeline
  • Additional Information about key people with Birth date and date of death where possible
  • Details of Explorers, Settlers, Pioneers and Leaders who had an impact on the State
  • Informative Timeline including critical dates, events and wars

Facts about the History of New Mexico
Fast facts about the History of New Mexico! Fast historical facts about the history of New Mexico! Find out the important historical information about the History of New Mexico - its leaders, Native Indians, pioneers, explorers and settlers! Facts and a timeline about the History of New Mexico. The History of New Mexico is full of interesting information about this great American State! Facts and History of New Mexico with a New Mexico History Timeline of Events in the History of America and New Mexico. Great for homework, or projects, an ideal Educational Resource and tourist information for " The Land of Enchantment !"

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Facts about the History of New Mexico


History of New Mexico - Facts about History of New Mexico - Timeline - Facts History of New Mexico - History - History of New Mexico - Historical - Time Line - State - Info - History of New Mexico - Native Indian Tribes - Explorers - History of New Mexico - 1500's - 1600's - History of New Mexico - 1700's - 1800's - 1900's - Facts about History of New Mexico - Settlers - Pioneers - Leaders - History of New Mexico - Facts about History of New Mexico - Written By Linda Alchin