Did you Know? List of Interesting Facts about Homes and Houses of Native Americans
Facts are statements which are held to be true and often contrasted with opinions and beliefs. Our unusual and interesting facts about Homes and Houses of Native Americans, trivia and information, including some useful statistics will fascinate everyone from kids and children to adults. Interesting Facts about Homes and Houses of Native Americans are as follows:
- Fact 1 - Homes and Houses: The houses and homes of Native Americans reflected the requirements of their life style and their environment.
- Fact 2 - Tribes that moved about a lot (hunter gatherers) or tribes who settled settled in villages and farmed the land for corn and vegetables (hunter farmers).
- Fact 3 - Their life styles ranged from nomadic, semi-nomadic to static.
- Fact 4 - The different homes and houses included the following:
- Tepees (also spelled Teepees or Tipis)
- Wigwams (or wetus)
- Brush shelters or wickiups
- Earthen houses also called hogans, earth lodges and pit houses
- Adobe houses also known as pueblos
- Asi - Wattle and Daub Houses
- Grass houses
- Fact 5 - Tepees (also spelled Teepees or Tipis) are tent-like American Indian houses used by Plains tribes
- Fact 6 - A tepee is constructed from wooden poles and animal skins such as buffalo hides and designed to be quickly set and quickly dismantled. The following picture shows a Sioux tepee
- Fact 7 - Wigwams (or wetus) are also known as birchbark houses and used by Algonquian and Creek tribes of Indians in the woodland regions
- Fact 8 - Wigwam is the word for "house" in the Abenaki tribe. The picture below is a Winnebagoe wigwam.
- Fact 9 - Wetu is the word for "house" in the Wampanoag tribe
- Fact 10 - Wigwams are small cone-shaped houses with an arched roof made of wooden frames that are covered with woven mats and sheets of birchbark which are held in place by ropes or strips of wood
- Fact 11 - Chickees: Chickees are also known as stilt houses or platform houses and used by the Native Americans of Florida (which has a hot, swampy climate) such as the Seminole tribe. Chickee means "house" in the Creek and Mikasuki languages
- Fact 12 - Chickee homes and houses were houses without permanent walls made of of thick wooden posts which supported a wooden platform and covered by a thatched roof. The wooden stilts allowed the home to be raised several feet off the ground. If there was heavy rain hide or cloth was drapped over the frame for shelter
A Chickee (Stilt House)
- Fact 13 - Brush shelters are also known as wickiups or gowa were used as temporary shelters by semi-nomadic tribes in the southwestern United States such as the the Yuman tribes, the Pima and Papago, the Pueblo, the Navajo and Apache
- Fact 14 - Brush shelters or wickiups were very small shelters made purely for shelter when sleeping. A brush shelter or wickiup is cone-shaped and made of a wooden frame covered with branches, leaves, and grass (brush)
Picture of a Wickiup (Brush Shelter)
- Fact 15 - Brush shelters, or wickiups, were most often used as a temporary house. The Apache tribe built brush shelters to enable them move very quickly and without having to take hides and wooden poles with them
- Fact 16 - Earthen houses also called hogans, earth lodges and pit houses: Earthen houses were often permanent homes for Native Americans who lived in harsh climates without large forests. A Pawnee Earth lodge is pictured below
- Fact 17 - Earthen houses also called hogans, earth lodges and pit houses were the homes of tribes such as the Navajo, the Sioux, Pawnee and West Coast or Plateau Native Americans. Earth lodges were semi-subterranean dwellings which were dug from the earth, with a wooden domed mound built over the top which was covered with earth or reeds.
- Fact 18 - Longhouses were permanent houses and homes used by hunter farmers. These houses were built up to 200 feet long, 20 feet wide and 20 feet high. They often had 2 storeys - a raised platform created the top storey which was ideal for sleeping.
- Fact 19 - Longhouses were similar in design to wigwams, their frames being made with poles and covered with bark. Separate rooms were created in longhouses by using wooden screens and mats
- Fact 20 - Longhouses were used by tribes such as the Iroquois and the Algonquian
Susquehannock Fort of Longhouses (Birch houses)
- Fact 21 - Grass houses: As their name indicates grass houses were thatched with long prairie grass which covered a wooden frame built in the shape of a beehive up to 50 feet tall
- Fact 22 - Grass houses were used by the Wichita, Caddo, Creek and other tribes on the Texas border
Picture of a Wichita Grass House
- Fact 23 - Adobe houses also known as pueblos were used by the Pueblo and Hobi tribes and were suitable for a warm dry climate. Adobe or pueblo homes were multi-story houses made of adobe (clay and straw baked into hard bricks)
Pueblo New Mexico
- Fact 24 - Asi - Wattle and Daub Houses were used by the Cherokee, Choctaw, Creeks and the south-eastern tribes (states of Mississippi, Louisiana, Kentucky and Alabama) who wanted permanent homes to suit their farmer-hunter life styles
- Fact 25 - Asi - Wattle and Daub Houses were constructed by using a frame work of poles intertwined with branches and vines covered with mud
Wattle and Dub House, surrounded by a palisade
- Fact 26 - Plank houses: These were permanent houses built as homes by static fishing tribes of the Northwest Coast, such as the Chinooks. Plank houses are made from long, flat planks of cedar wood lashed to a wooden frame and made good houses for people in cold climates who lived in areas with lots of tall trees.
Picture of a Chinook Plank House (1850)
Facts about Native Americans
Facts about Homes and Houses of Native Americans
We have included a selection of trivia and interesting facts about Homes and Houses of Native Americans which we hope will be of help with homework. Most of these interesting facts about Homes and Houses of Indians are quite amazing and some are little known pieces of trivia! Many of these interesting and random pieces of information and fun facts about Homes and Houses of Native Americans and info will help you increase your knowledge on the subject of Homes and Houses of Native Americans.