Did you Know? List of Interesting Facts about Native Americans Alaska
Facts are statements which are held to be true and often contrasted with opinions and beliefs. Our unusual and interesting facts about Native Americans of Alaska, trivia and information, including some useful statistics will fascinate everyone from kids and children to adults. Facts about Native Americans and interesting Facts about Native Americans Alaska are as follows:
- Fact 1 - Alaska is a state in the far northwestern North America in the Artic and Sub-Arctic regions. The indigenous people of this state included various tribes of Native Americans. The Native Indians of the Artic and Sub-Arctic Northwest included Chinook, Tillamook, Eyak, Salish and the Tlingit
- Fact 2 - Northwestern tribes were were static tribes of tribe of hunter fishers and lived in states including Washington, Alaska and Oregon
- Fact 3 - Alaska's name is based on the Eskimo word Alakshak meaning great lands or peninsula
- Fact 4 - Features of the area: Coastal Plains, hills, broken terrain
- Fact 5 - The Native Indians of the Arctic Northwest included Chinook, Tillamook, Aleut, Eyak, Salish and the Tlingit
- Fact 6 - The Chinook were an important North American Indian people who controlled the mouth of the Columbia river. The Chinooks were organized into settlements rather than tribes. Their home was the the Pacific coast near the Columbia River
- Fact 7 - The Tillamook lived on Tillamook Bay and in neighboring river valleys in NW Oregon. Their language belongs to the Salishan branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan.
- Fact 8 - The Aleut lived in the the Aleutian Islands and W Alaska. They were exploited by traders because of their skills in hunting sea mammals.
- Fact 9 - The Eyak were indigenous to southcentral Alaska, near the mouth of the Copper River
- Fact 10 - The Salish were also referred to as Flathead Indians. The name is often said to derive from the flat head produced by binding infants' skulls with boards. The Salish (Flatheads) lived between the Cascade Mountains and Rocky Mountains
- Fact 11 - The Tlingit were hunter-gatherers in the temperate rainforest of the southeast Alaska coast. Their name for themselves is Lingít, meaning "human beings".
- Fact 12 - Homes and Houses of the Northwest Indians: The Arctic Indians lived in igloos. Native Indians in the warmer regions lived in longhouses. Longhouses were permanent houses and homes used by hunter fishers.
- Fact 13 - These houses were built up to 200 feet long, 20 feet wide and 20 feet high. They often had 2 storeys - a raised platform created the top storey which was ideal for sleeping.
- Fact 14 - Longhouses were similar in design to wigwams as their frames being made with poles and covered with bark. Separate rooms were created in longhouses by using wooden screens and mats
- Fact 15 - Homes and Houses: Plankhouses: These were permanent houses built as homes by static fishing tribes of the Northwest Coast, such as the Chinooks. Plank houses are made of long, flat planks of cedar wood lashed to a wooden frame and made good houses for people in cold climates who lived in areas with lots of tall trees.
- Fact 16 - The Northwest Indians used cedar-bark or dugout canoes
- Fact 17 - Jewelry: Women wore shell, bead, bear teeth and beaver teeth necklaces
- Fact 18 - Weapons: Weapons included bows and arrows, war clubs, spears and knives
- Fact 19 - Totem Poles: One of the most famous structures found among the Northwest Indians was the totem pole
- Fact 20 - Totem poles are most commonly made by the Tlingit Indians
- Fact 21 - A Totem Pole is a tall vertical wooden post carved and painted with a series of family or clan crests or with figures representing mythic beings. Totem poles are usually erected in front of a dwelling
- Fact 22 - Ceremonies: The Potlatch custom involved giving gifts and dancing and designed to show the wealth of the participants. The dancers wore elaborate animal masks and were decorated with paint and feathers
Facts about Native Americans Alaska
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