Did you Know? List of Interesting Facts about Nez Perce Indians - pronounced "nezz purse."
Facts are statements which are held to be true and often contrasted with opinions and beliefs. Our unusual and interesting facts about Nez Perce Indians, trivia and information, including some useful statistics will fascinate everyone from kids and children to adults. Interesting Facts about Nez Perce Indians are as follows:
- Fact 1 - The name Nez Perce, meaning pierced nose, was given by the French because some tribe members wore nose pendants. The Nez Perce tribe are the indigenous people of the states of Idaho, Oregon, and Washington
- Fact 2 - The Nez Perce were a nomadic tribe of hunter fishers. Men were in charge of hunting for food and protecting the camp and the women were in charge of the home and land
Nez Perce Warrior
- Fact 3 - Homes and Houses: Until they started to hunt buffalo (when they used tepees) their traditional homes were Earthen houses also called hogans, earth lodges and pit houses: Earthen houses were often permanent homes for Indians who lived in harsh climates without large forests
- Fact 4 - Earthen houses also called hogans, earth lodges and pit houses were the homes of tribes such as the Navajo, the Sioux and West Coast or Plateau Indians. Earth lodges were semi-subterranean dwellings which were dug from the earth, with a wooden domed mound built over the top which was covered with earth or reeds
- Fact 5 - The name of a famous Nez Perce leader was Chief Joseph 1840–1904
- Fact 6 - Clothes and Clothing - Clothes were generally made from the skins of animals which were sewn together from the thread made from the sinews of deer.
- Fact 7 - Clothing for men: Men wore breechcloths which were made from a long rectangular piece of animal skin or cloth which was worn between the legs and tucked over a belt, so that the flaps of the breechcloth covered the front and behind. The legs were bare.
- Fact 8 - Clothing: Men also wore fringed buckskin tunics which were often decorated with beads and buffalo hide cloaks during harsh weather
- Fact 9 - Clothing: Leggings were worn by both men and women to cover the bare legs and were sometimes decorated with a fringe
- Fact 10 - Clothing for women: Women wore long buckskin dresses (the skin of a male deer) which were decorated with beads
- Fact 11 - Shoes and footwear: Moccasins were made of soft leather or deerskin and sewn together with deer sinew. Moccasins were a soft slip on shoe, or slipper, consist of a sole and sides made of one piece of leather, stitched together at the top and were a light beige color.
- Fact 12 - Feather War Bonnets: They wore beaded, feathered war bonnets. The war bonnet was a symbol of honor and accomplishment among Plains tribes such as the Araphaho, Sioux, Crow, Blackfoot, Cheyenne, and Plains Cree. War bonnets consisted of a cap or band decorated with eagle feathers, ermine fur and beadwork. There were 3 types of feathered war bonnets
- a trailing bonnet with feathers trailing to the floor (worn by the Sioux)
- a straight-up feather headdress
- a halo war bonnet in which the feathers fanned out around the face and shoulders (worn by the Nez Perce)
- Fact 13 - Women's Hair: Hair was kept long, sometimes braided and on special occasions braids were decorated with bright strips of cloth and shells
- Fact 14 - Jewelry: Women wore copper arm bands and bead necklaces
- Fact 15 - Face paint / War Paint: Men wore bright face paint in times of war. Tribal tattoos were also used to decorate their faces and bodies
- Fact 16 - Nez Perce weapons: Weapons included bows and arrows, clubs, spears and knives
- Fact 17 - Enemies of the Nez Perce tribe included the Shoshone
- Fact 18 - History of Nez Percé War: In 1877 a band of the tribe living in Oregon refused to leave the land ceded to the United States by the fraudulently obtained treaty of 1863 and relocate to Idaho. This lead to the uprising under Chief Joseph (Chief Joseph 1840–1904).
- Fact 19 - Food: Men hunted buffalo turkeys, deer, small game and fish
- Fact 20 - Nez Perce Indians made dugout canoes by hollowing out tree trunks
Facts about Nez Perce Indians
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